Two pump high-low unloading assembly
|E, E/S||HI, LO & T: 1" NPTF; GH & GL: 1" NPTF; Gage Ports: 1/4" NPTF;|
|F, F/S||HI, LO & T: 1 1/4" NPTF; GH & GL: 1 1/4" NPTF; Gage Ports: 1/4" NPTF;|
|M, M/S||HI, LO & T: SAE 16; GH & GL: SAE 16; Gage Ports: 1/4" NPTF;|
|N, N/S||HI, LO & T: SAE 20; GH & GL: SAE 20; Gage Ports: 1/4" NPTF;|
|X, X/S||HI, LO & T: 1" BSPP; GH & GL: 1" BSPP; Gage Ports: 1/4" BSPP;|
|Y, Y/S||HI, LO & T: 1 1/4" BSPP; GH & GL: 1 1/4" BSPP; Gage Ports: 1/4" BSPP;|
This assembly allows the smooth unloading of a low-pressure / high-flow pump in a 2 pump high-low system. This type of system utilizes the flow of 2 pumps to provide rapid speed to an actuator. Once resistance is encountered, and the requirement switches from high speed to high force / torque, then the low-pressure / high-flow pump is unloaded back to tank at minimum pressure and all the available horsepower is directed to the high-pressure / low-flow pump. This assembly also provides a system relief valve.
- The counterbalance valve in this assembly is not acting as a counterbalance valve; it is acting as a pressure sensitive unloading valve. The setting, however, relates to the counterbalance world. With the CB*A set at 4000 psi (280 bar), the circuit will start to unload with about 1000 psi (70 bar) of pressure and will fully unload somewhere above 1400 psi (90 bar).
- Turn adjustment clockwise to decrease setting of the counterbalance valve.
- Backpressure at port 2 of the counterbalance valve adds to the effective relief setting at a ratio of 1 plus the pilot ratio times the backpressure.
- Counterbalance valve reseat exceeds 85% of set pressure when the valve is standard set. Settings lower than the standard set pressure may result in lower reseat percentages.
- Back pressure on the tank port (port 2) of the relief valve is directly additive to the valve setting at a 1:1 ratio.
|Capacity||60 gpm240 L/min.|
|Body Type||Line mountLine mount|
|Mounting Hole Thread||.375-16 UNC - 2B in..375-16 UNC - 2B in.|
|Mounting Hole Depth||.75 in.19 mm|
|Mounting Hole Quantity||22|
There are exactly 250 Sun drops in a cubic inch or 15 in a cc.
Reasons to anodize:
- To increase corrosion resistance. Sun uses 6061-T651 aluminum. It is one of the most corrosion resistant aluminum alloys there is. Whether or not anodizing improves the corrosion resistance of 6061 aluminum is debatable. We have yet to have a manifold returned because of corrosion.
- Appearance (color). The 2 colors that would appeal to Sun would be blue or black. Unfortunately these are the colors that are hardest to do consistently.
- To provide a hard wear surface. Sun does not make parts-in-body valves. The manifold is just plumbing. We don't need a wear surface.
- Because everyone else does it. Bad reason.
Reasons to not anodize:
- Cost. It's another process.
- Logistics. When you make tens of thousands of manifolds a month and you anodize hundreds, it's a problem. Consistency. See above.
- Stamping. After a body is anodized you cannot do any more stamping without making a mess.
Inspection. Have you ever tried to look for burrs in a black anodized body? It's the old blackboard factory at night scenario.
- Torque. You will experience an increase in breakaway torque when removing items from an anodized manifold.
- Fatigue life. This is the best reason to not anodize. Fatigue failure is a very complex phenomenon. What it takes to initiate a crack is difficult to predict. What it takes to propagate a crack is readily defined. Anodizing produces a very thin, very hard, and very brittle surface on aluminum. The first time you pressurize an anodized aluminum manifold you have initiated fatigue cracks. Whether or not the stress is enough to propagate the cracks is a matter of pressure and manifold geometry. Anodizing an aluminum manifold grossly reduces the fatigue life by anywhere from 20% to 50%.
Direct-acting valves are used to prevent over pressure, and pilot-operated valves are used to regulate pressure. If you are unsure, use a direct-acting valve. Sun's direct acting valves are very fast, dirt tolerant, stable, and robust. Sun's pilot-operated valves are moderately fast, they have a low pressure rise vs. flow curve, and they are easy to adjust.
- Important: Carefully consider the maximum system pressure. The pressure rating of the manifold is dependent on the manifold material, with the port type/size a secondary consideration. Manifolds constructed of aluminum are not rated for pressures higher than 3000 psi (210 bar), regardless of the port type/size specified.
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